A survey on extremism analysis using Natural Language Processing

by   Javier Torregrosa, et al.

Extremism research has grown as an open problem for several countries during recent years, especially due to the apparition of movements such as jihadism. This and other extremist groups have taken advantage of different approaches, such as the use of Social Media, to spread their ideology, promote their acts and recruit followers. Natural Language Processing (NLP) represents a way of detecting this type of content, and several authors make use of it to describe and discriminate the discourse held by this groups, with the final objective of detecting and preventing its spread. This survey aims to review the contributions of NLP to the field of extremism research, providing the reader with a comprehensive picture of the state of the art of this research area. The content includes a description and comparison of the frequently used NLP techniques, how they were applied, the insights they provided, the most frequently used NLP software tools and the availability of datasets and data sources for research. Finally, research questions are approached and answered with highlights from the review, while future trends, challenges and directions derived from these highlights are suggested.



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