A Strong Bisimulation for Control Operators by Means of Multiplicative and Exponential Reduction

01/14/2021 ∙ by Eduardo Bonelli, et al. ∙ 0

The purpose of this paper is to identify programs with control operators whose reduction semantics are in exact correspondence. This is achieved by introducing a relation ≃, defined over a revised presentation of Parigot's λμ-calculus we dub Λ M. Our result builds on three main ingredients which guide our semantical development: (1) factorization of Parigot's λμ-reduction into multiplicative and exponential steps by means of explicit operators, (2) adaptation of Laurent's original ≃_σ-equivalence to Λ M, and (3) interpretation of Λ M into Laurent's polarized proof-nets (PPN). More precisely, we first give a translation of Λ M-terms into PPN which simulates the reduction relation of our calculus via cut elimination of PPN. Second, we establish a precise correspondence between our relation ≃ and Laurent's ≃_σ-equivalence for λμ-terms. Moreover, ≃-equivalent terms translate to structurally equivalent PPN. Most notably, ≃ is shown to be a strong bisimulation with respect to reduction in Λ M, i.e. two ≃-equivalent terms have the exact same reduction semantics, a result which fails for Regnier's ≃_σ-equivalence in λ-calculus as well as for Laurent's ≃_σ-equivalence in λμ.



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