A Streaming Accelerator for Deep Convolutional Neural Networks with Image and Feature Decomposition for Resource-limited System Applications

09/15/2017 ∙ by Yuan Du, et al. ∙ 0

Deep convolutional neural networks (CNN) are widely used in modern artificial intelligence (AI) and smart vision systems but also limited by computation latency, throughput, and energy efficiency on a resource-limited scenario, such as mobile devices, internet of things (IoT), unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), and so on. A hardware streaming architecture is proposed to accelerate convolution and pooling computations for state-of-the-art deep CNNs. It is optimized for energy efficiency by maximizing local data reuse to reduce off-chip DRAM data access. In addition, image and feature decomposition techniques are introduced to optimize memory access pattern for an arbitrary size of image and number of features within limited on-chip SRAM capacity. A prototype accelerator was implemented in TSMC 65 nm CMOS technology with 2.3 mm x 0.8 mm core area, which achieves 144 GOPS peak throughput and 0.8 TOPS/W peak energy efficiency.



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