A Sketch Based 3D Shape Retrieval Approach Based on Efficient Deep Point-to-Subspace Metric Learning

03/01/2019 ∙ by Yinjie Lei, et al. ∙ 0

One key issue in managing a large scale 3D shape dataset is to identify an effective way to retrieve a shape-of-interest. The sketch-based query, which enjoys the flexibility in representing the user's intention, has received growing interests in recent years due to the popularization of the touchscreen technology. Essentially, the sketch depicts an abstraction of an shape in a certain view while the shape contains the full 3D information. Matching between them is a cross-modality retrieval problem. However, for a given query, only part of the viewpoints of the 3D shape is representative. Thus, blindly projecting a 3D shape into a feature vector without considering what is the query will inevitably bring query-unrepresentative information. To handle this issue, in this paper we propose a Deep Point-to-Subspace Metric Learning (DPSML) framework to project a sketch into a feature vector and a 3D shape into a subspace spanned by a few selected basis feature vectors. The similarity between them is defined as the distance between the query feature vector and its closest point in the subspace by solving an optimization problem on the fly. Note that, the closest point is query-adaptive and can reflect the viewpoint information that is representative to the given query. To efficiently learn such a deep model, we formulate it as a classification problem with a special classifier design. To reduce the redundancy of 3D shapes, we also introduce a Representative-View Selection (RVS) module to select the most representative views of a 3D shape. By conducting extensive experiments on various datasets, we show that the proposed approach can achieve superior performance over its competitive baselines and attain the state-of-the-art performance.



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