A Single-RF Architecture for Multiuser Massive MIMO via Reflecting Surfaces

by   Ali Bereyhi, et al.

In this work, we propose a new single-RF MIMO architecture which enjoys high scalability and energy-efficiency. The transmitter in this proposal consists of a single RF illuminator radiating towards a reflecting surface. Each element on the reflecting surface re-transmits its received signal after applying a phase-shift, such that a desired beamforming pattern is obtained. For this architecture, the problem of beamforming is interpreted as linear regression and a solution is derived via the method of least-squares. Using this formulation, a fast iterative algorithm for tuning of the reflecting surface is developed. Numerical results demonstrate that the proposed architecture is fully compatible with current designs of reflecting surfaces.



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