A Simple Framework for Uncertainty in Contrastive Learning

10/05/2020 ∙ by Mike Wu, et al. ∙ 15

Contrastive approaches to representation learning have recently shown great promise. In contrast to generative approaches, these contrastive models learn a deterministic encoder with no notion of uncertainty or confidence. In this paper, we introduce a simple approach based on "contrasting distributions" that learns to assign uncertainty for pretrained contrastive representations. In particular, we train a deep network from a representation to a distribution in representation space, whose variance can be used as a measure of confidence. In our experiments, we show that this deep uncertainty model can be used (1) to visually interpret model behavior, (2) to detect new noise in the input to deployed models, (3) to detect anomalies, where we outperform 10 baseline methods across 11 tasks with improvements of up to 14 classify out-of-distribution examples where our fully unsupervised model is competitive with supervised methods.

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