A Sequence-Based Mesh Classifier for the Prediction of Protein-Protein Interactions

11/12/2017
by   Edgar D. Coelho, et al.
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The worldwide surge of multiresistant microbial strains has propelled the search for alternative treatment options. The study of Protein-Protein Interactions (PPIs) has been a cornerstone in the clarification of complex physiological and pathogenic processes, thus being a priority for the identification of vital components and mechanisms in pathogens. Despite the advances of laboratorial techniques, computational models allow the screening of protein interactions between entire proteomes in a fast and inexpensive manner. Here, we present a supervised machine learning model for the prediction of PPIs based on the protein sequence. We cluster amino acids regarding their physicochemical properties, and use the discrete cosine transform to represent protein sequences. A mesh of classifiers was constructed to create hyper-specialised classifiers dedicated to the most relevant pairs of molecular function annotations from Gene Ontology. Based on an exhaustive evaluation that includes datasets with different configurations, cross-validation and out-of-sampling validation, the obtained results outscore the state-of-the-art for sequence-based methods. For the final mesh model using SVM with RBF, a consistent average AUC of 0.84 was attained.

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