A Self Contour-based Rotation and Translation-Invariant Transformation for Point Clouds Recognition

09/15/2020
by   Dongrui Liu, et al.
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Recently, several direct processing point cloud models have achieved state-of-the-art performances for classification and segmentation tasks. However, these methods lack rotation robustness, and their performances degrade severely under random rotations, failing to extend to real-world applications with varying orientations. To address this problem, we propose a method named Self Contour-based Transformation (SCT), which can be flexibly integrated into a variety of existing point cloud recognition models against arbitrary rotations without any extra modifications. The SCT provides efficient and mathematically proved rotation and translation invariance by introducing Rotation and Translation-Invariant Transformation. It linearly transforms Cartesian coordinates of points to the self contour-based rotation-invariant representations while maintaining the global geometric structure. Moreover, to enhance discriminative feature extraction, the Frame Alignment module is further introduced, aiming to capture contours and transform self contour-based frames to the intra-class frame. Extensive experimental results and mathematical analyses show that the proposed method outperforms the state-of-the-art approaches under arbitrary rotations without any rotation augmentation on standard benchmarks, including ModelNet40, ScanObjectNN and ShapeNet.

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