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A second order finite element method with mass lumping for wave equations in H(div)

by   Herbert Egger, et al.

We consider the efficient numerical approximation of acoustic wave propagation in time domain by a finite element method with mass lumping. In the presence of internal damping, the problem can be reduced to a second order formulation in time for the velocity field alone. For the spatial approximation we consider H(div)–conforming finite elements of second order. In order to allow for an efficient time integration, we propose a mass-lumping strategy based on approximation of the L^2-scalar product by inexact numerical integration which leads to a block-diagonal mass matrix. A careful error analysis allows to show that second order accuracy is not reduced by the quadrature errors which is illustrated also by numerical tests.


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