A Review of Visual Odometry Methods and Its Applications for Autonomous Driving

09/19/2020 ∙ by Kai Li Lim, et al. ∙ 0

The research into autonomous driving applications has observed an increase in computer vision-based approaches in recent years. In attempts to develop exclusive vision-based systems, visual odometry is often considered as a key element to achieve motion estimation and self-localisation, in place of wheel odometry or inertial measurements. This paper presents a recent review to methods that are pertinent to visual odometry with an emphasis on autonomous driving. This review covers visual odometry in their monocular, stereoscopic and visual-inertial form, individually presenting them with analyses related to their applications. Discussions are drawn to outline the problems faced in the current state of research, and to summarise the works reviewed. This paper concludes with future work suggestions to aid prospective developments in visual odometry.

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