A New Multiple Max-pooling Integration Module and Cross Multiscale Deconvolution Network Based on Image Semantic Segmentation

03/25/2020 ∙ by Hongfeng You, et al. ∙ 12

To better retain the deep features of an image and solve the sparsity problem of the end-to-end segmentation model, we propose a new deep convolutional network model for medical image pixel segmentation, called MC-Net. The core of this network model consists of four parts, namely, an encoder network, a multiple max-pooling integration module, a cross multiscale deconvolution decoder network and a pixel-level classification layer. In the network structure of the encoder, we use multiscale convolution instead of the traditional single-channel convolution. The multiple max-pooling integration module first integrates the output features of each submodule of the encoder network and reduces the number of parameters by convolution using a kernel size of 1. At the same time, each max-pooling layer (the pooling size of each layer is different) is spliced after each convolution to achieve the translation invariance of the feature maps of each submodule. We use the output feature maps from the multiple max-pooling integration module as the input of the decoder network; the multiscale convolution of each submodule in the decoder network is cross-fused with the feature maps generated by the corresponding multiscale convolution in the encoder network. Using the above feature map processing methods solves the sparsity problem after the max-pooling layer-generating matrix and enhances the robustness of the classification. We compare our proposed model with the well-known Fully Convolutional Networks for Semantic Segmentation (FCNs), DecovNet, PSPNet, U-net, SgeNet and other state-of-the-art segmentation networks such as HyperDenseNet, MS-Dual, Espnetv2, Denseaspp using one binary Kaggle 2018 data science bowl dataset and two multiclass dataset and obtain encouraging experimental results.

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