A New Implicit-Explicit Local Method to Capture Stiff Behavior with COVID-19 Outbreak Application

by   Huseyin Tunc, et al.

In this paper, a new implicit-explicit local method with an arbitrary order is produced for stiff initial value problems. Here, a general method for one-step time integrations has been created, considering a direction free approach for integrations leading to a numerical method with parameter-based stability preservation. Adaptive procedures depending on the problem types for the current method are explained with the help of local error estimates to minimize the computational cost. Priority error analysis of the current method is made, and order conditions are presented in terms of direction parameters. Stability analysis of the method is performed for both scalar equations and systems of differential equations. The currently produced parameter-based method has been proven to provide A-stability, for 0.5<θ<1, in various orders. The present method has been shown to be a very good option for addressing a wide range of initial value problems through numerical experiments. It can be seen as a significant contribution that the Susceptible-Exposed-Infected-Recovered equation system parameterized for the COVID-19 pandemic has been integrated with the present method and stability properties of the method have been tested on this stiff model and significant results are produced. Some challenging stiff behaviours represented by the nonlinear Duffing equation, Robertson chemical system, and van der Pol equation have also been integrated, and the results revealed that the current algorithm produces much more reliable results than numerical techniques in the literature.


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