# A new Hybrid Lattice Attack on Galbraith's Binary LWE Cryptosystem

LWE-based cryptosystems are an attractive alternative to traditional ones in the post-quantum era. To minimize the storage cost of part of its public key - a 256 × 640 integer matrix, T - a binary version of T has been proposed. One component of its ciphertext, c_1 is computed as c_1 = Tu where u is an ephemeral secret. Knowing u, the plaintext can be deduced. Given c_1 and T, Galbraith's challenge is to compute u with existing computing resources in 1 year. Our hybrid approach guesses and removes some bits of the solution vector and maps the problem of solving the resulting sub-instance to the Closest Vector Problem in Lattice Theory. The lattice-based approach reduces the number of bits to be guessed while the initial guess based on LP relaxation reduces the number of subsequent guesses to polynomial rather than exponential in the number of guessed bits. Further enhancements partition the set of guessed bits and use a 2-step application of LP. Given the constraint of processor cores and time, a one-time training algorithm learns the optimal combination of partitions yielding a success rate of 9% - 23% with 1000 - 100,000 cores in 1 year. This compares favourably with earlier work that yielded 2% success with 3000 cores.

READ FULL TEXT