A monotone discretization for integral fractional Laplacian on bounded Lipschitz domains: Pointwise error estimates under Hölder regularity

by   Rubing Han, et al.

We propose a monotone discretization for the integral fractional Laplace equation on bounded Lipschitz domains with the homogeneous Dirichlet boundary condition. The method is inspired by a quadrature-based finite difference method of Huang and Oberman, but is defined on unstructured grids in arbitrary dimensions with a more flexible domain for approximating singular integral. The scale of the singular integral domain not only depends on the local grid size, but also on the distance to the boundary, since the Hölder coefficient of the solution deteriorates as it approaches the boundary. By using a discrete barrier function that also reflects the distance to the boundary, we show optimal pointwise convergence rates in terms of the Hölder regularity of the data on both quasi-uniform and graded grids. Several numerical examples are provided to illustrate the sharpness of the theoretical results.



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