A Maximin Optimal Online Power Control Policy for Energy Harvesting Communications

by   Shengtian Yang, et al.

A general theory of online power control for discrete-time battery limited energy harvesting communications is developed, which leads to, among other things, an explicit characterization of a maximin optimal policy. This policy only requires the knowledge of the (effective) mean of the energy arrival process and maximizes the minimum asymptotic expected average reward (with the minimization taken over all energy arrival distributions of a given (effective) mean). Moreover, it is universally near optimal and has strictly better worst-case performance as compared to the fixed fraction policy proposed by Shaviv and Özgür when the objective is to maximize the throughput over an additive white Gaussian noise channel. The competitiveness of this maximin optimal policy is also demonstrated via numerical examples.


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