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A Low-Cost Attack against the hCaptcha System

by   Md Imran Hossen, et al.

CAPTCHAs are a defense mechanism to prevent malicious bot programs from abusing websites on the Internet. hCaptcha is a relatively new but emerging image CAPTCHA service. This paper presents an automated system that can break hCaptcha challenges with a high success rate. We evaluate our system against 270 hCaptcha challenges from live websites and demonstrate that it can solve them with 95.93 challenge. We run our attack from a docker instance with only 2GB memory (RAM), 3 CPUs, and no GPU devices, demonstrating that it requires minimal resources to launch a successful large-scale attack against the hCaptcha system.


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