A Hybrid Dynamical Modeling Framework for Shape Memory Alloy Wire Actuated Structures

03/05/2021 ∙ by Michele A. Mandolino, et al. ∙ 0

In this paper, a hybrid model for single-crystal Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) wire actuators is presented. The result is based on a mathematical reformulation of the Müller-Achenbach-Seelecke (MAS) model, which provides an accurate and interconnection-oriented description of the SMA hysteretic response. The strong nonlinearity and high numerical stiffness of the MAS model, however, hinder its practical use for simulation and control of complex SMA-driven systems. The main idea behind the hybrid reformulation is based on dividing the mechanical hysteresis of the SMA into five operating modes, each one representing a different physical state of the material. By properly deriving the switching conditions among those modes in a physically-consistent way, the MAS model is effectively reformulated within a hybrid dynamical setting. The main advantage of the hybrid reformulation is the possibility of describing the material dynamics with a simplified set of state equations while maintaining all benefits of the physics-based description offered by the MAS model After describing the novel approach, simulation studies are conducted on a flexible robotic module actuated by protagonist-antagonist SMA wires. Through comparative numerical analysis, it is shown how the hybrid model provides the same accuracy as the MAS model while saving up to 80 Moreover, the new modeling framework opens up the possibility of addressing SMA control from a hybrid systems perspective.

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