A Heuristically Assisted Deep Reinforcement Learning Approach for Network Slice Placement

05/14/2021 ∙ by Jose Jurandir Alves Esteves, et al. ∙ 0

Network Slice placement with the problem of allocation of resources from a virtualized substrate network is an optimization problem which can be formulated as a multiobjective Integer Linear Programming (ILP) problem. However, to cope with the complexity of such a continuous task and seeking for optimality and automation, the use of Machine Learning (ML) techniques appear as a promising approach. We introduce a hybrid placement solution based on Deep Reinforcement Learning (DRL) and a dedicated optimization heuristic based on the Power of Two Choices principle. The DRL algorithm uses the so-called Asynchronous Advantage Actor Critic (A3C) algorithm for fast learning, and Graph Convolutional Networks (GCN) to automate feature extraction from the physical substrate network. The proposed Heuristically-Assisted DRL (HA-DRL) allows to accelerate the learning process and gain in resource usage when compared against other state-of-the-art approaches as the evaluation results evidence.

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