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A Framework for Distributed Quantum Queries in the CONGEST Model

02/22/2022
by   Joran van Apeldoorn, et al.
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The Quantum CONGEST model is a variant of the CONGEST model, where messages consist of O(log(n)) qubits. We give a general framework for implementing quantum query algorithms in Quantum CONGEST, using the concept of parallel-queries. We apply our framework for distributed quantum queries in two settings: when data is distributed over the network, and graph theoretical problems where the network defines the input. The first is slightly unusual in CONGEST but our results follow almost directly. The second is more traditional for the CONGEST model but here we require some classical CONGEST steps to get our results. In the setting with distributed data, we show how a network can schedule a meeting in one of k dates using Õ(√(kD)+D) rounds, with D the network diameter. We also give an efficient algorithm for element distinctness: if all nodes are given numbers, then the nodes can find any duplicates in Õ(n^2/3D^1/3) rounds. We also generalize the protocol for the distributed Deutsch-Jozsa problem from the two-party setting considered in [arXiv:quant-ph/9802040] to general networks, giving a novel separation between exact classical and exact quantum protocols in CONGEST. When the input is the network structure itself, we almost directly recover the O(√(nD)) round diameter computation algorithm of Le Gall and Magniez [arXiv:1804.02917]. We also compute the radius in the same number of rounds, and give an ϵ-additive approximation of the average eccentricity in Õ(D+D^3/2/ϵ) rounds. Finally, we give quantum speedups for the problems of cycle detection and girth computation. We detect whether a graph has a cycle of length at most k in O(D+(Dn)^1/2-1/Θ(k)) rounds. We also give a Õ(D+(Dn)^1/2-1/Θ(g)) round algorithm for finding the girth g, beating the known classical lower bound.

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