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A dynamic extreme value model with applications to volcanic eruption forecasting

08/23/2022
by   Michele Nguyen, et al.
0

Extreme events such as natural and economic disasters leave lasting impacts on society and motivate the analysis of extremes from data. While classical statistical tools based on Gaussian distributions focus on average behaviour and can lead to persistent biases when estimating extremes, extreme value theory (EVT) provides the mathematical foundations to accurately characterise extremes. In this paper, we adapt a dynamic extreme value model recently introduced to forecast financial risk from high frequency data to the context of natural hazard forecasting. We demonstrate its wide applicability and flexibility using a case study of the Piton de la Fournaise volcano. The value of using EVT-informed thresholds to identify and model extreme events is shown through forecast performance.

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