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A Dual Accelerated Method for Online Stochastic Distributed Averaging: From Consensus to Decentralized Policy Evaluation

07/23/2022
by   Sheng Zhang, et al.
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Motivated by decentralized sensing and policy evaluation problems, we consider a particular type of distributed stochastic optimization problem over a network, called the online stochastic distributed averaging problem. We design a dual-based method for this distributed consensus problem with Polyak–Ruppert averaging and analyze its behavior. We show that the proposed algorithm attains an accelerated deterministic error depending optimally on the condition number of the network, and also that it has an order-optimal stochastic error. This improves on the guarantees of state-of-the-art distributed stochastic optimization algorithms when specialized to this setting, and yields – among other things – corollaries for decentralized policy evaluation. Our proofs rely on explicitly studying the evolution of several relevant linear systems, and may be of independent interest. Numerical experiments are provided, which validate our theoretical results and demonstrate that our approach outperforms existing methods in finite-sample scenarios on several natural network topologies.

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