A Distributed Hierarchy Framework for Enhancing Cyber Security of Control Center Applications

10/10/2020 ∙ by Chetan Kumar Kuraganti, et al. ∙ 0

Recent cyber-attacks on power grids highlight the necessity to protect the critical functionalities of a control center vital for the safe operation of a grid. Even in a distributed framework one central control center acts as a coordinator in majority of the control center architectures. Such a control center can become a prime target for cyber as well as physical attacks, and, hence, a single point failure can lead to complete loss of visibility of the power grid. If the control center which runs the critical functions in a distributed computing environment can be randomly chosen between the available control centers in a secure framework, the ability of the attacker in causing a single point failure can be reduced to a great extent. To achieve this, a novel distributed hierarchy based framework to secure critical functions is proposed in this paper. The proposed framework ensures that the data aggregation and the critical functions are carried out at a random location, and incorporates security features such as attestation and trust management to detect compromised agents. A theoretical result is proved on the evolution and convergence of the trust values in the proposed trust management protocol. It is also shown that the system is nominally robust so long as the number of compromised nodes is strictly less than one-half of the nodes minus 1. For demonstration, a Kalman filter-based state estimation using phasor measurements is used as the critical function to be secured. The proposed framework's implementation feasibility is tested on a physical hardware cluster of Parallella boards. The framework is also validated using simulations on the IEEE 118 bus system.

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