A Direct Sampling Method for the Inversion of the Radon Transform

by   Yat Tin Chow, et al.

We propose a novel direct sampling method (DSM) for the effective and stable inversion of the Radon transform. The DSM is based on a generalization of the important almost orthogonality property in classical DSMs to fractional order Sobolev duality products and to a new family of probing functions. The fractional order duality product proves to be able to greatly enhance the robustness of the reconstructions in some practically important but severely ill-posed inverse problems associated with the Radon transform. We present a detailed analysis to better understand the performance of the new probing and index functions, which are crucial to stable and effective numerical reconstructions. The DSM can be computed in a very fast and highly parallel manner. Numerical experiments are carried out to compare the DSM with a popular existing method, and to illustrate the efficiency, stability, and accuracy of the DSM.



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