A deep look into the Dagum family of isotropic covariance functions

by   Tarik Faouzi, et al.

The Dagum family of isotropic covariance functions has two parameters that allow for decoupling of the fractal dimension and Hurst effect for Gaussian random fields that are stationary and isotropic over Euclidean spaces. Sufficient conditions that allow for positive definiteness in Rd of the Dagum family have been proposed on the basis of the fact that the Dagum family allows for complete monotonicity under some parameter restrictions. The spectral properties of the Dagum family have been inspected to a very limited extent only, and this paper gives insight into this direction. Specifically, we study finite and asymptotic properties of the isotropic spectral density (intended as the Hankel transform) of the Dagum model. Also, we establish some closed forms expressions for the Dagum spectral density in terms of the FoxWright functions. Finally, we provide asymptotic properties for such a class of spectral densities.



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