A deep convolutional neural network for rapid fluvial flood inundation modelling

06/20/2020 ∙ by Syed Kabir, et al. ∙ 0

The two-dimensional (2D) hydrodynamic models are often infeasible for real-time operations. In this paper, a deep convolutional neural network (CNN)-based method is presented for rapid fluvial flood modelling. The CNN model is trained using outputs from a two-dimensional hydraulic model (i.e. LISFLOOD-FP) to predict water depths. The pre-trained model is then applied to simulate the flooding event that occurred in Carlisle, UK, in January 2005. The predictions are compared against the outputs produced by the calibrated LISFLOOD-FP. The performance of the CNN is also compared with a support vector regression (SVR)-based method. The results show that the CNN model outperforms SVR by a large margin. The model is highly accurate in capturing flooded cells as indicated by several quantitative assessment matrices, e.g., the estimated error for the peak flood depth is 0-0.2 meters for 97 99 real-time applications considering its simplicity, superior performance and computational efficiency.



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