A Compressed Coding Scheme for Evolutionary Algorithms in Mixed-Integer Programming: A Case Study on Multi-Objective Constrained Portfolio Optimization

09/19/2019 ∙ by Yi Chen, et al. ∙ 2

A lot of real-world applications could be modeled as the Mixed-Integer Non-Linear Programming (MINLP) problems, and some prominent examples include portfolio optimization, resource allocation, image classification, as well as path planning. Actually, most of the models for these applications are non-convex and always involve some conflicting objectives. Hence, the Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithm (MOEA), which does not require the gradient information and is efficient at dealing with the multi-objective optimization problems, is adopted frequently for these problems. In this work, we discuss the coding scheme for MOEA in MINLP, and the major discussion focuses on the constrained portfolio optimization problem, which is a classic financial problem and could be naturally modeled as MINLP. As a result, the challenge, faced by a direct coding scheme for MOEA in MINLP, is pointed out that the searching in multiple search spaces is very complicated. Thus, a Compressed Coding Scheme (CCS), which converts an MINLP problem into a continuous problem, is proposed to address this challenge. The analyses and experiments on 20 portfolio benchmark instances, of which the number of available assets ranging from 31 to 2235, consistently indicate that CCS is not only efficient but also robust for dealing with the constrained multi-objective portfolio optimization.

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