A comparison of reduced-order modeling approaches for PDEs with bifurcating solutions

10/14/2020
by   Martin W. Hess, et al.
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This paper focuses on reduced-order models (ROMs) built for the efficient treatment of PDEs having solutions that bifurcate as the values of multiple input parameters change. First, we consider a method called local ROM that uses k-means algorithm to cluster snapshots and construct local POD bases, one for each cluster. We investigate one key ingredient of this approach: the local basis selection criterion. Several criteria are compared and it is found that a criterion based on a regression artificial neural network (ANN) provides the most accurate results for a channel flow problem exhibiting a supercritical pitchfork bifurcation. The same benchmark test is then used to compare the local ROM approach with the regression ANN selection criterion to an established global projection-based ROM and a recently proposed ANN based method called POD-NN. We show that our local ROM approach gains more than an order of magnitude in accuracy over the global projection-based ROM. However, the POD-NN provides consistently more accurate approximations than the local projection-based ROM.

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