A Comparative Study of Human thermal face recognition based on Haar wavelet transform (HWT) and Local Binary Pattern (LBP)

09/04/2013 ∙ by Ayan Seal, et al. ∙ 0

Thermal infra-red (IR) images focus on changes of temperature distribution on facial muscles and blood vessels. These temperature changes can be regarded as texture features of images. A comparative study of face recognition methods working in thermal spectrum is carried out in this paper. In these study two local-matching methods based on Haar wavelet transform and Local Binary Pattern (LBP) are analyzed. Wavelet transform is a good tool to analyze multi-scale, multi-direction changes of texture. Local binary patterns (LBP) are a type of feature used for classification in computer vision. Firstly, human thermal IR face image is preprocessed and cropped the face region only from the entire image. Secondly, two different approaches are used to extract the features from the cropped face region. In the first approach, the training images and the test images are processed with Haar wavelet transform and the LL band and the average of LH/HL/HH bands sub-images are created for each face image. Then a total confidence matrix is formed for each face image by taking a weighted sum of the corresponding pixel values of the LL band and average band. For LBP feature extraction, each of the face images in training and test datasets is divided into 161 numbers of sub images, each of size 8X8 pixels. For each such sub images, LBP features are extracted which are concatenated in row wise manner. PCA is performed separately on the individual feature set for dimensionality reeducation. Finally two different classifiers are used to classify face images. One such classifier multi-layer feed forward neural network and another classifier is minimum distance classifier. The Experiments have been performed on the database created at our own laboratory and Terravic Facial IR Database.



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