A Comparative Analysis of Deep Reinforcement Learning-enabled Freeway Decision-making for Automated Vehicles

08/04/2020 ∙ by Teng Liu, et al. ∙ 0

Deep reinforcement learning (DRL) is becoming a prevalent and powerful methodology to address the artificial intelligent problems. Owing to its tremendous potentials in self-learning and self-improvement, DRL is broadly serviced in many research fields. This article conducted a comprehensive comparison of multiple DRL approaches on the freeway decision-making problem for autonomous vehicles. These techniques include the common deep Q learning (DQL), double DQL (DDQL), dueling DQL, and prioritized replay DQL. First, the reinforcement learning (RL) framework is introduced. As an extension, the implementations of the above mentioned DRL methods are established mathematically. Then, the freeway driving scenario for the automated vehicles is constructed, wherein the decision-making problem is transferred as a control optimization problem. Finally, a series of simulation experiments are achieved to evaluate the control performance of these DRL-enabled decision-making strategies. A comparative analysis is realized to connect the autonomous driving results with the learning characteristics of these DRL techniques.

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