A Bayesian Downscaler Model to Estimate Daily PM2.5 levels in the Continental US

08/07/2018
by   Yikai Wang, et al.
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There has been growing interest in extending the coverage of ground PM2.5 monitoring networks based on satellite remote sensing data. With broad spatial and temporal coverage, satellite based monitoring network has a strong potential to complement the ground monitor system in terms of the spatial-temporal availability of the air quality data. However, most existing calibration models focused on a relatively small spatial domain and cannot be generalized to national-wise study. In this paper, we proposed a statistically reliable and interpretable national modeling framework based on Bayesian downscaling methods with the application to the calibration of the daily ground PM2.5 concentrations across the Continental U.S. using satellite-retrieved aerosol optical depth (AOD) and other ancillary predictors in 2011. Our approach flexibly models the PM2.5 versus AOD and the potential related geographical factors varying across the climate regions and yields spatial and temporal specific parameters to enhance the model interpretability. Moreover, our model accurately predicted the national PM2.5 with a R2 at 70 generates reliable annual and seasonal PM2.5 concentration maps with its SD. Overall, this modeling framework can be applied to the national scale PM2.5 exposure assessments and also quantify the prediction errors.

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