We present a new handwritten text segmentation method by training a convolutional neural network (CNN) in an end-to-end manner. Many conventional methods addressed this problem by extracting connected components and then classifying them. However, this two-step approach has limitations when handwritten components and machine-printed parts are overlapping. Unlike conventional methods, we develop an end-to-end deep CNN for this problem, which does not need any preprocessing steps. Since there is no publicly available dataset for this goal and pixel-wise annotations are time-consuming and costly, we also propose a data synthesis algorithm that generates realistic training samples. For training our network, we develop a cross-entropy based loss function that addresses the imbalance problems. Experimental results on synthetic and real images show the effectiveness of the proposed method. Specifically, the proposed network has been trained solely on synthetic images, nevertheless the removal of handwritten text in real documents improves OCR performance from 71.13 our network and synthesized images.
06/12/2019 ∙ by Junho Jo, et al. ∙ 21 ∙ share
This paper presents a new framework for jointly enhancing the resolution and the dynamic range of an image, i.e., simultaneous super-resolution (SR) and high dynamic range imaging (HDRI), based on a convolutional neural network (CNN). From the common trends of both tasks, we train a CNN for the joint HDRI and SR by focusing on the reconstruction of high-frequency details. Specifically, the high-frequency component in our work is the reflectance component according to the Retinex-based image decomposition, and only the reflectance component is manipulated by the CNN while another component (illumination) is processed in a conventional way. In training the CNN, we devise an appropriate loss function that contributes to the naturalness quality of resulting images. Experiments show that our algorithm outperforms the cascade implementation of CNN-based SR and HDRI.
05/02/2019 ∙ by Jae Woong Soh, et al. ∙ 14 ∙ share
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