Gu-Yeon Wei

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  • Benchmarking TPU, GPU, and CPU Platforms for Deep Learning

    Training deep learning models is compute-intensive and there is an industry-wide trend towards hardware specialization to improve performance. To systematically benchmark deep learning platforms, we introduce ParaDnn, a parameterized benchmark suite for deep learning that generates end-to-end models for fully connected (FC), convolutional (CNN), and recurrent (RNN) neural networks. Along with six real-world models, we benchmark Google's Cloud TPU v2/v3, NVIDIA's V100 GPU, and an Intel Skylake CPU platform. We take a deep dive into TPU architecture, reveal its bottlenecks, and highlight valuable lessons learned for future specialized system design. We also provide a thorough comparison of the platforms and find that each has unique strengths for some types of models. Finally, we quantify the rapid performance improvements that specialized software stacks provide for the TPU and GPU platforms.

    07/24/2019 ∙ by Gu-Yeon Wei, et al. ∙ 31 share

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  • Weightless: Lossy Weight Encoding For Deep Neural Network Compression

    The large memory requirements of deep neural networks limit their deployment and adoption on many devices. Model compression methods effectively reduce the memory requirements of these models, usually through applying transformations such as weight pruning or quantization. In this paper, we present a novel scheme for lossy weight encoding which complements conventional compression techniques. The encoding is based on the Bloomier filter, a probabilistic data structure that can save space at the cost of introducing random errors. Leveraging the ability of neural networks to tolerate these imperfections and by re-training around the errors, the proposed technique, Weightless, can compress DNN weights by up to 496x with the same model accuracy. This results in up to a 1.51x improvement over the state-of-the-art.

    11/13/2017 ∙ by Brandon Reagen, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Cloud No Longer a Silver Bullet, Edge to the Rescue

    This paper takes the position that, while cognitive computing today relies heavily on the cloud, we will soon see a paradigm shift where cognitive computing primarily happens on network edges. The shift toward edge devices is fundamentally propelled both by technological constraints in data centers and wireless network infrastructures, as well as practical considerations such as privacy and safety. The remainder of this paper lays out our view of how these constraints will impact future cognitive computing. Bringing cognitive computing to edge devices opens up several new opportunities and challenges, some of which demand new solutions and some of which require us to revisit entrenched techniques in light of new technologies. We close the paper with a call to action for future research.

    02/15/2018 ∙ by Yuhao Zhu, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Network Pruning for Low-Rank Binary Indexing

    Pruning is an efficient model compression technique to remove redundancy in the connectivity of deep neural networks (DNNs). Computations using sparse matrices obtained by pruning parameters, however, exhibit vastly different parallelism depending on the index representation scheme. As a result, fine-grained pruning has not gained much attention due to its irregular index form leading to large memory footprint and low parallelism for convolutions and matrix multiplications. In this paper, we propose a new network pruning technique that generates a low-rank binary index matrix to compress index data while decompressing index data is performed by simple binary matrix multiplication. This proposed compression method finds a particular fine-grained pruning mask that can be decomposed into two binary matrices. We also propose a tile-based factorization technique that not only lowers memory requirements but also enhances compression ratio. Various DNN models can be pruned with much fewer indexes compared to previous sparse matrix formats while maintaining the same pruning rate.

    05/14/2019 ∙ by Dongsoo Lee, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Learning Low-Rank Approximation for CNNs

    Low-rank approximation is an effective model compression technique to not only reduce parameter storage requirements, but to also reduce computations. For convolutional neural networks (CNNs), however, well-known low-rank approximation methods, such as Tucker or CP decomposition, result in degraded model accuracy because decomposed layers hinder training convergence. In this paper, we propose a new training technique that finds a flat minimum in the view of low-rank approximation without a decomposed structure during training. By preserving the original model structure, 2-dimensional low-rank approximation demanding lowering (such as im2col) is available in our proposed scheme. We show that CNN models can be compressed by low-rank approximation with much higher compression ratio than conventional training methods while maintaining or even enhancing model accuracy. We also discuss various 2-dimensional low-rank approximation techniques for CNNs.

    05/24/2019 ∙ by Dongsoo Lee, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Structured Compression by Unstructured Pruning for Sparse Quantized Neural Networks

    Model compression techniques, such as pruning and quantization, are becoming increasingly important to reduce the memory footprints and the amount of computations. Despite model size reduction, achieving performance enhancement on devices is, however, still challenging mainly due to the irregular representations of sparse matrix formats. This paper proposes a new representation to encode the weights of Sparse Quantized Neural Networks, specifically reduced by find-grained and unstructured pruning method. The representation is encoded in a structured regular format, which can be efficiently decoded through XOR gates during inference in a parallel manner. We demonstrate various deep learning models that can be compressed and represented by our proposed format with fixed and high compression ratio. For example, for fully-connected layers of AlexNet on ImageNet dataset, we can represent the sparse weights by only 0.09 bits/weight for 1-bit quantization and 91% pruning rate with a fixed decoding rate and full memory bandwidth usage.

    05/24/2019 ∙ by Se Jung Kwon, et al. ∙ 0 share

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