Thomas Elsken

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  • Simple And Efficient Architecture Search for Convolutional Neural Networks

    Neural networks have recently had a lot of success for many tasks. However, neural network architectures that perform well are still typically designed manually by experts in a cumbersome trial-and-error process. We propose a new method to automatically search for well-performing CNN architectures based on a simple hill climbing procedure whose operators apply network morphisms, followed by short optimization runs by cosine annealing. Surprisingly, this simple method yields competitive results, despite only requiring resources in the same order of magnitude as training a single network. E.g., on CIFAR-10, our method designs and trains networks with an error rate below 6 hours on a single GPU; training for one day reduces this error further, to almost 5

    11/13/2017 ∙ by Thomas Elsken, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Multi-objective Architecture Search for CNNs

    Architecture search aims at automatically finding neural architectures that are competitive with architectures designed by human experts. While recent approaches have come close to matching the predictive performance of manually designed architectures for image recognition, these approaches are problematic under constrained resources for two reasons: first, the architecture search itself requires vast computational resources for most proposed methods. Secondly, the found neural architectures are solely optimized for high predictive performance without penalizing excessive resource consumption. We address the first shortcoming by proposing NASH, an architecture search which considerable reduces the computational resources required for training novel architectures by applying network morphisms and aggressive learning rate schedules. On CIFAR10, NASH finds architectures with errors below 4 days. We address the second shortcoming by proposing Pareto-NASH, a method for multi-objective architecture search that allows approximating the Pareto-front of architectures under multiple objective, such as predictive performance and number of parameters, in a single run of the method. Within 56 GPU days of architecture search, Pareto-NASH finds a model with 4M parameters and test error of 3.5 of 4.6

    04/24/2018 ∙ by Thomas Elsken, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Neural Architecture Search: A Survey

    Deep Learning has enabled remarkable progress over the last years on a variety of tasks, such as image recognition, speech recognition, and machine translation. One crucial aspect for this progress are novel neural architectures. Currently employed architectures have mostly been developed manually by human experts, which is a time-consuming and error-prone process. Because of this, there is growing interest in automated neural architecture search methods. We provide an overview of existing work in this field of research and categorize them according to three dimensions: search space, search strategy, and performance estimation strategy.

    08/16/2018 ∙ by Thomas Elsken, et al. ∙ 0 share

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