Rui Hou

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  • Towards Automatic Detection of Misinformation in Online Medical Videos

    Recent years have witnessed a significant increase in the online sharing of medical information, with videos representing a large fraction of such online sources. Previous studies have however shown that more than half of the health-related videos on platforms such as YouTube contain misleading information and biases. Hence, it is crucial to build computational tools that can help evaluate the quality of these videos so that users can obtain accurate information to help inform their decisions. In this study, we focus on the automatic detection of misinformation in YouTube videos. We select prostate cancer videos as our entry point to tackle this problem. The contribution of this paper is twofold. First, we introduce a new dataset consisting of 250 videos related to prostate cancer manually annotated for misinformation. Second, we explore the use of linguistic, acoustic, and user engagement features for the development of classification models to identify misinformation. Using a series of ablation experiments, we show that we can build automatic models with accuracies of up to 74 precision and 73.2

    09/04/2019 ∙ by Rui Hou, et al. ∙ 54 share

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  • An Efficient 3D CNN for Action/Object Segmentation in Video

    Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) based image segmentation has made great progress in recent years. However, video object segmentation remains a challenging task due to its high computational complexity. Most of the previous methods employ a two-stream CNN framework to handle spatial and motion features separately. In this paper, we propose an end-to-end encoder-decoder style 3D CNN to aggregate spatial and temporal information simultaneously for video object segmentation. To efficiently process video, we propose 3D separable convolution for the pyramid pooling module and decoder, which dramatically reduces the number of operations while maintaining the performance. Moreover, we also extend our framework to video action segmentation by adding an extra classifier to predict the action label for actors in videos. Extensive experiments on several video datasets demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed approach for action and object segmentation compared to the state-of-the-art.

    07/21/2019 ∙ by Rui Hou, et al. ∙ 7 share

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  • An End-to-end 3D Convolutional Neural Network for Action Detection and Segmentation in Videos

    In this paper, we propose an end-to-end 3D CNN for action detection and segmentation in videos. The proposed architecture is a unified deep network that is able to recognize and localize action based on 3D convolution features. A video is first divided into equal length clips and next for each clip a set of tube proposals are generated based on 3D CNN features. Finally, the tube proposals of different clips are linked together and spatio-temporal action detection is performed using these linked video proposals. This top-down action detection approach explicitly relies on a set of good tube proposals to perform well and training the bounding box regression usually requires a large number of annotated samples. To remedy this, we further extend the 3D CNN to an encoder-decoder structure and formulate the localization problem as action segmentation. The foreground regions (i.e. action regions) for each frame are segmented first then the segmented foreground maps are used to generate the bounding boxes. This bottom-up approach effectively avoids tube proposal generation by leveraging the pixel-wise annotations of segmentation. The segmentation framework also can be readily applied to a general problem of video object segmentation. Extensive experiments on several video datasets demonstrate the superior performance of our approach for action detection and video object segmentation compared to the state-of-the-arts.

    11/30/2017 ∙ by Rui Hou, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Tube Convolutional Neural Network (T-CNN) for Action Detection in Videos

    Deep learning has been demonstrated to achieve excellent results for image classification and object detection. However, the impact of deep learning on video analysis (e.g. action detection and recognition) has been limited due to complexity of video data and lack of annotations. Previous convolutional neural networks (CNN) based video action detection approaches usually consist of two major steps: frame-level action proposal detection and association of proposals across frames. Also, these methods employ two-stream CNN framework to handle spatial and temporal feature separately. In this paper, we propose an end-to-end deep network called Tube Convolutional Neural Network (T-CNN) for action detection in videos. The proposed architecture is a unified network that is able to recognize and localize action based on 3D convolution features. A video is first divided into equal length clips and for each clip a set of tube proposals are generated next based on 3D Convolutional Network (ConvNet) features. Finally, the tube proposals of different clips are linked together employing network flow and spatio-temporal action detection is performed using these linked video proposals. Extensive experiments on several video datasets demonstrate the superior performance of T-CNN for classifying and localizing actions in both trimmed and untrimmed videos compared to state-of-the-arts.

    03/30/2017 ∙ by Rui Hou, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Enabling Privacy-Preserving, Compute- and Data-Intensive Computing using Heterogeneous Trusted Execution Environment

    There is an urgent demand for privacy-preserving techniques capable of supporting compute and data intensive (CDI) computing in the era of big data. However, none of existing TEEs can truly support CDI computing tasks, as CDI requires high throughput accelerators like GPU and TPU but TEEs do not offer security protection of such accelerators. This paper present HETEE (Heterogeneous TEE), the first design of TEE capable of strongly protecting heterogeneous computing with unsecure accelerators. HETEE is uniquely constructed to work with today's servers, and does not require any changes for existing commercial CPUs or accelerators. The key idea of our design runs security controller as a stand-alone computing system to dynamically adjust the boundary of between secure and insecure worlds through the PCIe switches, rendering the control of an accelerator to the host OS when it is not needed for secure computing, and shifting it back when it is. The controller is the only trust unit in the system and it runs the custom OS and accelerator runtimes, together with the encryption, authentication and remote attestation components. The host server and other computing systems communicate with controller through an in memory task queue that accommodates the computing tasks offloaded to HETEE, in the form of encrypted and signed code and data. Also, HETEE offers a generic and efficient programming model to the host CPU. We have implemented the HETEE design on a hardware prototype system, and evaluated it with large-scale Neural Networks inference and training tasks. Our evaluations show that HETEE can easily support such secure computing tasks and only incurs a 12.34 training on average.

    04/09/2019 ∙ by Jianping Zhu, et al. ∙ 0 share

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