Chaoyue Wang

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  • Perceptual Adversarial Networks for Image-to-Image Transformation

    In this paper, we propose a principled Perceptual Adversarial Networks (PAN) for image-to-image transformation tasks. Unlike existing application-specific algorithms, PAN provides a generic framework of learning mapping relationship between paired images (Fig. 1), such as mapping a rainy image to its de-rained counterpart, object edges to its photo, semantic labels to a scenes image, etc. The proposed PAN consists of two feed-forward convolutional neural networks (CNNs), the image transformation network T and the discriminative network D. Through combining the generative adversarial loss and the proposed perceptual adversarial loss, these two networks can be trained alternately to solve image-to-image transformation tasks. Among them, the hidden layers and output of the discriminative network D are upgraded to continually and automatically discover the discrepancy between the transformed image and the corresponding ground-truth. Simultaneously, the image transformation network T is trained to minimize the discrepancy explored by the discriminative network D. Through the adversarial training process, the image transformation network T will continually narrow the gap between transformed images and ground-truth images. Experiments evaluated on several image-to-image transformation tasks (e.g., image de-raining, image inpainting, etc.) show that the proposed PAN outperforms many related state-of-the-art methods.

    06/28/2017 ∙ by Chaoyue Wang, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Evolutionary Generative Adversarial Networks

    Generative adversarial networks (GAN) have been effective for learning generative models for real-world data. However, existing GANs (GAN and its variants) tend to suffer from training problems such as instability and mode collapse. In this paper, we propose a novel GAN framework called evolutionary generative adversarial networks (E-GAN) for stable GAN training and improved generative performance. Unlike existing GANs, which employ a pre-defined adversarial objective function alternately training a generator and a discriminator, we utilize different adversarial training objectives as mutation operations and evolve a population of generators to adapt to the environment (i.e., the discriminator). We also utilize an evaluation mechanism to measure the quality and diversity of generated samples, such that only well-performing generator(s) are preserved and used for further training. In this way, E-GAN overcomes the limitations of an individual adversarial training objective and always preserves the best offspring, contributing to progress in and the success of GANs. Experiments on several datasets demonstrate that E-GAN achieves convincing generative performance and reduces the training problems inherent in existing GANs.

    03/01/2018 ∙ by Chaoyue Wang, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • A User-Centered Concept Mining System for Query and Document Understanding at Tencent

    Concepts embody the knowledge of the world and facilitate the cognitive processes of human beings. Mining concepts from web documents and constructing the corresponding taxonomy are core research problems in text understanding and support many downstream tasks such as query analysis, knowledge base construction, recommendation, and search. However, we argue that most prior studies extract formal and overly general concepts from Wikipedia or static web pages, which are not representing the user perspective. In this paper, we describe our experience of implementing and deploying ConcepT in Tencent QQ Browser. It discovers user-centered concepts at the right granularity conforming to user interests, by mining a large amount of user queries and interactive search click logs. The extracted concepts have the proper granularity, are consistent with user language styles and are dynamically updated. We further present our techniques to tag documents with user-centered concepts and to construct a topic-concept-instance taxonomy, which has helped to improve search as well as news feeds recommendation in Tencent QQ Browser. We performed extensive offline evaluation to demonstrate that our approach could extract concepts of higher quality compared to several other existing methods. Our system has been deployed in Tencent QQ Browser. Results from online A/B testing involving a large number of real users suggest that the Impression Efficiency of feeds users increased by 6.01 user-centered concepts into the recommendation framework of Tencent QQ Browser.

    05/21/2019 ∙ by Bang Liu, et al. ∙ 0 share

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